Sustainability helps save the environment and money. It wouldn’t be fair to blame factories and brick kilns for polluting the environment construction of buildings using products that are not eco-friendly adds to polluting the environment. Using traditional natural and recyclable materials for construction purposes may help the environment by leaving a minimal carbon blueprint. Moreover, natural products require minimal processing hence, it is one of the best ways to incorporate sustainable construction material.

Construction is one of the biggest industries in Pakistan and many advances have been made in the use of high-quality materials. To promote sustainability and make Pakistan a zero waste country, the Capital Development Authority (CDA) and a multinational have teamed up to build a road from plastic waste. Likewise, Some energy-efficient and sustainable building materials include bamboo, cork, straw bales, sheep wool, terrazzo, and recycled steel.

Let’s take a look at each of these materials and see where they can be used.


Bamboo is a perennial grass found on all continents except Europe and Antarctica. Bamboo is considered to be useful building materials that have many applications in the construction industry due to its durability.

Some of its benefits are:

  • Ability to regenerate after  harvest

  • Does not need to be replanted.

  • Preferred material for flooring.

  • Lightweight

  • Inexpensive


Cork is harvested from the bark of an oak tree and grows back. No trees were injured or fell for the cork. cork is widely used in flooring. Cork flooring is gaining popularity in Pakistan due to its many properties.
Its benefits are:

  • Antibacterial

  • Thermal insulation

  • Ability to withstand pressure

  • Used as an insulation board

  • Absorbs water

  • Do not give harmful or poisonous gases if burned.


Straw is another green and sustainable building material used in construction. Straw bales are used in ceilings and walls is to make a room soundproof because it absorbs the noise and doesn’t let it pass.

Loose straw is highly flammable but when stored in bales, it shows resistance to fire. Due to its insulation properties, it is used in walls and ceilings to make them resistant to heat and cold resulting in lower utility bills.

Some of its benefits are:

  • Planted and harvested easily

  • Durability

  • Does not affect the environment

  • Resistant to heat and cold


Traditionally, the insulation used in the construction of a house or building is based on chemicals that have a direct impact on the environment when it is created. sheep wool is another alternative that can be used for ceilings as well as walls and thin constructions. However, sheep wool is a bit expensive because it needs to be treated to prevent insect attack or fungal growth.

Some of its benefits are as follows:

  • Energy efficient

  • Make the building soundproof

  • Does not break down

  • Regenerates easily


Terrazzo is a composite material made up of cement, glass, stone, marble, and quartz chips. It is a popular material used in flooring as well as for walls. Terrazzo is available in a variety of colors and designs and you can choose from a wide variety.

Some of its benefits are:

  • Durability

  • Low maintenance

  • Ease of cleaning

  • Environmental friendliness


Steel is one of the most used recycled materials in construction. Building a house with wood requires a lot of wood, so many trees will have to be cut, which can have a devastating impact on the environment. Hence is the best alternative to wood.

Some of its benefits are:

  • Energy efficient

  • Durability

  • Withstand high winds and earthquakes

  • Can be made from raw materials


Long before the invention of steel and concrete, wood was used to erect the structures of houses and cottages. it is favored as a natural and durable material for use in the construction of pillars and housing structures.

Some of the benefits of using it are:

  • Strength and durability

  • Harvested naturally

  • Easily processed

Sustainability is the future of development. It has become an integral part of construction and development processes globally.